Energy Transition

The Energy Transition presents a unique challenge as the structure of energy markets evolve, with energy focused businesses having to decide when, where and how to adapt their strategy . The Transition also creates new growth markets and investment opportunities.

By utilising the quality, independence and depth of our data and market intelligence, and leveraging our extensive track record of guiding business transitions, we provide the right intelligence solutions for our clients without compromising our commitment to high-quality research, data and analysis.

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What is the Energy Transition?

The Energy Transition represents a major structural shift in our energy system. In the past this would have included the shifts from biomass to coal and then to oil.

Today’s energy transition is primarily driven by the need to manage climate change and decarbonise our fossil-based economies with sustainable sources of energy, such as wind and solar. Every sector that generates, transports, or consumes energy will be impacted.

To meet the 1.5C global warming target set after the Paris Agreement and avoid the worst climate impacts, global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions will first need to drop by half by 2030, then reach net-zero around mid-century. Therefore, a transition needs to happen fast.

The pace of the energy transition will vary across the globe, depending on the evolution in policy, technology and investment trends. There will be no one-size fits all solution and will include a diverse set of low-carbon energy sources, carbon capture technologies and energy efficiency measures.

With renewable energy currently making up just a small part of the global energy mix, ca. 6% according to BP’s Energy Outlook, and carbon capture deployment in its infancy, the scale of change and investment required is unprecedented.

-77%

BP’s 2050 Net Zero outlook change for oil consumption

1,265%

BP’s 2050 Net Zero outlook for renewable energy consumption increase

63%

The percentage of countries that have so far made a commitment to Net Zero

2/3

The average cost (LCOE) reduction of renewable energy sources 2010-2021

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While the Energy Transition envisions a move away from fossil fuels, it is still generally accepted that hydrocarbons will play an integral, if declining, part of the energy mix for years to come. The infographic below looks at the BP Energy Outlook 2020 and shows how, BP at least, see the changing mix of primary energy sources based on three scenarios, with 2018 as the reference point.

Business As Usual

Operator Positions_OJ BAU
“The Business-as-usual Scenario (BAU) assumes that government policies, technologies and social preferences continue to evolve in a manner and speed seen over the recent past. A continuation of that progress, albeit relatively slow, means carbon emissions peak in the mid-2020s. Despite this peaking, little headway is made in terms of reducing carbon emissions from energy use, with emissions in 2050 less than 10% below 2018 levels.”

Rapid

Operator Positions_Blue_Rapid
“The Rapid Transition Scenario (Rapid) posts a series of policy measures, led by a significant increase in carbon prices and supported by more-targeted sector specific measures, which cause carbon emissions from energy use to fall by around 70% by 2050. This fall in emissions is in line with scenarios which are consistent with limiting the rise in global temperatures by 2100 to well below 2-degrees Celsius above preindustrial levels.”

Net Zero

Operator Positions_Green_NZ
“The Net Zero Scenario (Net Zero) assumes that the policy measures embodied in Rapid are both added to and reinforced by significant shifts in societal behaviour and preferences, which further accelerate the reduction in carbon emissions. Global carbon emissions from energy use fall by over 95% by 2050, broadly in line with a range of scenarios which are consistent with limiting temperature rises to 1.5-degrees Celsius.”

What about the Oil and Gas industry?

Oil and gas companies will need to adjust their strategies, depending on their unique context. Some will choose to decarbonise their operations (Scope 1 and 2 emissions) to retain a ‘licence to operate’, while others will look to address their indirect emissions (Scope 3) and diversify their business.

It will be down to the oil and gas community to grasp the opportunity that the Energy Transition presents. Leveraging the industry’s unique characteristics, it can support and lead an acceleration towards a net-zero energy system.

Click the image to enlarge.

Westwood and the Energy Transition

The Energy Transition means that businesses are facing both new opportunities and risks in how they operate.

We are committed to helping the energy industry navigate the transition successfully, leveraging our extensive track record in providing actionable insight and advice that businesses, industry bodies and investors have relied upon time and time again.

Contact us find out more on how we are supporting the industry, and how we are evolving our business to help you address the Energy Transition.

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Our Credentials

Analysis of the full potential of the Norwegian Offshore Wind sector, and the resulting R&D priorities. Included detailed production potential, breakdown of cost assessment of offshore wind in European countries, comparison of energy and electricity prices, subsidy levels, and synergies with other industries e.g. oil and gas. Identified cost reduction areas and the need for financial support
A review and assessment of the renewable sector in key Asia Pacific countries with a six year market outlook. The project include the assessment of supply and demand outlooks for onshore and offshore wind, solar, hydro-electricity, biomass, geothermal and marine, as well as looking at the global primary energy mix, policy, regulatory and commercial drivers for the increased uptake of renewable energy.
Developed a market opportunity assessment for tidal energy. Included development of global tidal energy database and turbine competitive landscape overview.
Study to understand the supply chain and investment needs for UK Offshore Wind industry. Developed a UK Market forecast to 2030 and assessment of industry requirements, including turbines and components, as well as production facilities and vessels. Created scenarios of supply chain development and actions required.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the source of greenhouse gas emissions? 

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions trap heat and warm our planet, with human activity being the primary cause of rising GHGs since pre-industrial times. Almost three quarters of the worlds current GHG emissions stem from energy use in industry, buildings and transport – primarily from burning fossil fuels. The remainder are produced from a mixture of agriculture, forestry, land use and industrial processes. The central role of GHG emissions resulting from energy use underlines the importance of the Energy Transition in achieving a lower emissions society.      

What is the Paris Agreement? 

The Paris Agreement is the first legally binding international treaty on climate change. It came into force in 2016 and was adopted by 196 countries. It commits countries to make progressively stronger commitments to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions across their economies with the aim to keep global temperatures “well below” 2.0C (3.6F) above pre-industrial times, aiming for 1.5C 

What does Net Zero Emissions mean? 

To limit a global temperature rising above 1.5C and manage the impact of climate changeglobal GHG emissions across all sectors need to be halved by 2030 and reach net-zero by around 2050. Net zero is reached when human-caused GHG emissions are balanced out by removing GHGs from the atmosphere. This is similar to achieving climate neutrality.  

What do we mean by the decarbonisation of the energy system? 

Decarbonising our energy system means reducing its carbon intensity by replacing the fossil fuel energy sources (i.e. coal, oil and natural gas) with renewable and lower emission energy sources such as solar, wind and nuclear energy. The transition will require significant structural changes to be made in how energy is produced, transported and consumed. Several new technologies will need to be deployed to achieve a full decarbonisation of the energy system 

Speak to a specialist

David Linden

David Linden

Head of Energy Transition


Phone :
+44 (0)7725 442 866

Email :
dlinden@westwoodenergy.com